The Engine Control Module (ECM), also called the Engine Control Unit (ECU), ensures that your vehicle operates at optimal performance. The ECM monitors most of the sensors in the engine bay in order to manage your vehicle’s air-fuel mixture and regulate the emission control systems.
How do I know if my ECM is bad?
The Most Common ECM Failure Symptoms
- Your ‘Check Engine’ Light Is On. Your car’s check engine light is a sort of catch-all that many people ignore. …
- Your Car Won’t Start. …
- Your Engine Stutters or Misfires. …
- Sudden Drop in Fuel Economy. …
- Sudden Loss of Acceleration. …
- Your Engine Shuts Off for No Reason. …
- Rough or Irregular Shifting.
What happens if engine control module fails?
When the ECM is faulty or failing, it will throw off the timing of fuel settings of the engine. You may notice unexplained drops in fuel efficiency, or you may feel your vehicle struggling to shift. Any sudden change in your vehicle’s performance is reason enough to seek out the source of the problem.
What can cause ECM failure?
Corrosion on the wiring harness and increased moisture are common causes of faulty ECMs. These elements may both lead to ECM shorts or electric surges and voltage problems that cause faulty readings and codes. Moisture may enter through corroded ECM seals, which is common in old cars (5 to 10 years).
Can ECM be repaired?
The first, and easiest, way to repair an ECM is if there’s a problem with the power supply. Oftentimes, these can be repaired by a skilled mechanic or electrician, by rectifying any shorts or bad connections. However, most ECM problems are a result of a bug in the software itself. This isn’t common.
How long does an engine control module last?
The ECM will usually last the lifetime of the car, though it can go bad. In fact, the computer can fail as early as 75,000 miles, and around 125,000 miles is the most common range for ECM replacement.
Can ECM affect transmission?
The ECM controls a number of systems, but the most important ones for our purposes are the air to fuel ratio, the engine timing. It also controls the transmission in automatic transmission vehicles, and valve timing on vehicles with variable valve timing.
How much does a ECM cost?
The cost for the new ECM will typically be around $800, with labor around $100, bringing the average total expense for an ECM replacement to approximately $900 before taxes and fees. This can increase depending on the shop you go to or the type of car you, running as high as $2,000.
When should I replace my ECM?
Signs Your ECM or PCM Might Need Replacing
Engine Performance Issues – You’ll notice a reduction in fuel efficiency, power, and acceleration. Car Not Starting – Your vehicle does not start or is difficult to start. The engine may still crank but won’t be able to start without vital inputs from the computer.